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AREA SQUARE KILOMETERS: 462,000
CAPITAL CITY: PORT MORESBY
YEAR OF INDEPENDENCE: 1975
MAJOR PORTS: LAE AND PORT MORESBY
ABOUT PAPUA NEW GUINEA
Papua New Guinea (or PNG, as it is commonly known in Australia) is the world’s second largest island and the largest island in the Southern Hemisphere. PNG ,is located in the Southwest Pacific Ocean, only about 150 kilometres from the Australian continent. Papua New Guinea gained its independence in 1975 Papua New Guinea consists of the mainland (main island and approx. six hundred smaller islands some not inhabited, PNG has a total land area of about 450 square kilometres.
Papua New Guinea has a population of approx. 9 million people, of mostly Melanesian and Polynesian descent. The capital city (and largest city) of PNG is Port Moresby, located on the south western coast of the Papuan Peninsula on the island of New Guinea, Port Moresby is also the largest city in the Pacific Islands (excluding cities located in NZ and Australia). Several areas in Port Moresby have law and orders issues, with house burglaries and carjacking being the main problems. Police corruption is another major law and order issue in the capital. Security guards are widely employed. Papua New Guinea Government corruption is another issue undermining PNG’s democratic system.
The spectrum of PNG society now ranges from traditional village-based life, dependent on subsistence and small cash-crop agriculture, to modern urban life in the main cities of Port Moresby (capital), Lae, Madang, Wewak, Goroka, Mt Hagen, and Rabaul. Some 80-85 per cent of the population directly derive their livelihood from farming, and 15-20 per cent of the population live in urban areas.
Papua New Guinea is a resource rich country, however 40 per cent of the population live in poverty.
Motukea Island Port. Is the second largest port in PNG after the Port Of Lae. Lae Port is the county’s largest and busiest port, located in the Morobe province of Papua New Guinea. Lae is the second largest city and the
capital of the province. The Port Of Lae and Motukea are the only ports in PNG that can handle international container, RORO and Break-Bulk vessels. Considered to be in an optimal location, benefiting from access to both Southeast Asia and the South Pacific regions. Papua New Guinea’s continuing growth makes the Port of Motukea a vital development. The new port infrastructure is located roughly 12 kilometers from the Central Business District in Port Moresby. In the past there have been two International Cargo Terminals operating within Port Moresby’s Fairfax Harbour for some years Container Terminal 4A in downtown Port Moresby, and Motukea International Wharf on Motukea Island, across the harbour from the city centre.
Initially a private facility built to accommodate project cargo flows for the major ExxonMobil PNGLNG construction project, at the conclusion of that project the Motukea facility was purchased by the Government of Papua New Guinea and ear-marked for further expansion so that the existing port facilities in downtown Port Moresby could be freed up for other commercial and retail opportunities.
The Government of Papua New Guinea has recently announced that Container Terminal 4A will close from 18 February 2018 and that all international vessels will transfer to Motukea Island, which will become the sole International Cargo Terminal servicing the city of Port Moresby.
AREA SQUARE KILOMETERS: 18,300
YEAR OF INDEPENDENCE:1970
MAJOR PORTS: SUVA
Fiji, (or the Republic of Fiji as it is officially known) is an Island nation located in Melanesia, in the Pacific Ocean. Fiji consists of approx. 340 islands, about 100 of Fiji’s islands are inhabited.
Most Fijians reside on one of the two major islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Leva. The total population of Fiji is approx. 1 million people over 800,000 people live on Viti Levu Island, in the capital city Suva or smaller centers like Nadi.
Europeans first visited Fiji in the 17th century. Fiji was declared an independent state in 1987 after several coups.
Fiji is renowned world-wide for its white sandy beaches, great weather and friendly people. Fiji is the pacific islands most popular tourist destination. well known
The Port Of Suva is Fiji’s main port. Fiji would be considered a Freight Hub” for the south pacific islands, especially from New Zealand and Australia. The port of Suva is a Deepwater port meaning it can handle large commercial container vessels. Suva Port boasts superior Port infrastructure too its South Pacific neighbors.
AREA SQUARE KILOMETERS:12,300
CAPITAL CITY: PORT VILA
YEAR OF INDEPENDENCE: 1980
MAJOR PORTS: PORT VILA
Vanuatu or as it is known officially “The Republic Of Vanuatu” is an island nation situated in the South Pacific Ocean. Vanuatu is approx. 2000 kilometers east of Australia and 500 kilometers north east of New Caledonia. Vanuatu consists of a chain of 13 major and many smaller islands, extending approx. 900 kilometers north to south. The Island nation is positioned right on the Pacific Ring Of Fire, where two tectonic plates meet, meaning Vanuatu is exposed to a lot of earthquakes.
Vanuatu has a stable population of about 300,00 people. The capital of Vanuatu is Port Vila, which is also Vanuatu’s main port. Port Vila has a population of approx. 50,000 people and is located on Efate island. Espiritu Santo (commonly known as Santo) is Vanuatu’s largest island , Luganville is the largest township on Santo island
Vanuatu consists of several large islands and shipping is a critical element of cargo services to and from Vanuatu.
Vanuatu imports mainly from South Korea and Australia. The value of imported cargo to Vanuatu exceeds 300 million per year.
There are two major ports in Vanuatu, Port Vila which handles approx. 40% of Vanuatu’s exports and The Port of Santo located at Luganville on Espiritu Santo. Both Ports are Deepwater ports so they can handle large container vessels.
The original inhabitants of Vanuatu were the Melanesian people. Europeans first arrived in Vanuatu around 1600, they made camp on Vanuatu’s largest island Espiritu Santo
France and the United Kingdom claimed parts of Vanuatu, in 1906 it was agreed that the Islands would be jointly managed. In the 1970’s Vanuatu declared its independence and the Republic Of Vanuatu was established around 1980.
Vanuatu is a member of the Commonwealth Of Nations and a Pacific Islands Forum participant.
AREA SQUARE KILOMETERS: 27,600
CAPITAL CITY: HONIARA
YEAR OF INDEPENDENCE: 1978
MAJOR PORTS: HONIARA
ABOUT SOLOMON ISLANDS:
Solomon Islands is an independent country since 1976, made up six main Islands and approx. 900 smaller islands, is located in the Oceania region of the Pacific Ocean, to the east of Papua New Guinea. Solomon Islands has a population of about 650,000 people. The original inhabitants were the Melanesian people
Honiara is the capital of the Solomon Islands it is located on the island of Guadalcanal.
The Solomon islands was the centre of fighting during world war two between the USA and Japan.
Honiara is the capital of Solomon Islands and the Pacific nations largest city. Honiara is located on the north-western coast of the main island Guadalcanal. The population of Honiara is approx. 80,000 people. Honiara is home to the Solomon islands government and the Solomon Islands only international airport, Honiara International Airport, The University of The South Pacific Solomon Islands is also located in Honiara.
Point Cruz is Solomon islands major seaport, it is a Deepwater port suitable for large commercial container vessels. The Solomon Islands Ports authority (SIPA) manages the port. SIPA was established in 1956 by an Act of Parliament.
Solomon islands have had political unrest in the past and in 2002 two New Zealand diplomates were murdered. Trouble then escalated and in 2003 it was decided to invite a Pacific nations peace keeping force into Solomon Islands, the force was under Australian leadership.
Today Solomon Islands is a independent pacific nation, its main source of income being tourism, agriculture, timber and fisheries. The islands are rich in timber and unmined mineral resources such as gold, zinc, lead, nickel. Most of the population continues to work in subsistence farming, fishing, and artisanal forestry. The Solomon Islands remains one of The Pacific Islands poorest nations.
AREA SQUARE KILOMETERS: 2,600
CAPITAL CITY: APIA
YEAR OF INDEPENDENCE: 1962
MAJOR PORTS: APIA
Samoa, officially known as the Independent State Of Samoa (FROM 1979, prior to 1979 known as Western Samoa).Samoa is a Polynesian Island nation, made up of two main islands and several smaller uninhabited islands. Samoa is a member of the Commonwealth Of Nations and was administered by British and New Zealand administrators up until 1962. Samoa became independent after 1962.
Samoa has a population of approx. 200,000 people as at 2021.
The largest city and capital of Samoa is Apia, the city itself has a population of approx. 40,000 people. Apia is Samoa’s only city, it is situated on the island of Upolu. The Port of Apia is also located on the island of Upolu. The port of Apia is a Deepwater port which means it can berth large commercial container vessels. Shipping from Australia to Apia is available every 10 days approx. from Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth, Townsville and Darwin. Apia’s new industrialized region is known as “Vaitele”.
AREA SQUARE KILOMETERS: 770
CAPITAL CITY: NUKU’ALOFA
YEAR OF INDEPENDENCE: 1970
MAJOR PORTS: NUKU’ ALOFA
Tonga, officially known as the Kingdom Of Tonga, is located approx 1800 kilometers from New Zealand’s North Island. Tonga is surrounded by Vanuatu, Fiji, Samoa and New Caledonia, the island nation has has a small population of approx 110,000 people. Tonga is a Polynesian country, consisting of about 170 Islands only about 60 are inhabited. Tonga is renowned for its white sandy beaches, palm trees and emerald blue seas. Tonga’s major exports is sugar cane, Tonga is a popular holiday destination for Australians and New Zealanders. Many Tongans now live in Auckland, Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide and Perth.
In the Polynesian language “tonga” means “southward” and as such Tonga is well named being the the southern most group of islands among the islands of Polynesia.
Tonga was first known as the “Friendly Islands” due to the congenial welcome accorded to Captain James Cook on his first visit in 1773.
The largest city in Tonga is Nuku’alofa , it is also the capital of Tonga. It is located on the north coast of the island of Tongatapu, in the country’s southernmost island group. There is a university located in Nuku’alofa, Kings International University, well know for studies in Theology, The Sciences and Literature. The port of Nuku’alofa is also located in Nuku’alofa, it is a Deepwater port capable of handling most commercial container vessels.
AREA SQUARE KILOMETERS: 237
CAPITAL CITY: AVARUA
YEAR OF INDEPENDENCE:
MAJOR PORTS: AVATIU (Rarotonga) AND ARUTANGA (Aitutaki)
ABOUT THE COOK ISLANDS:
Rarotonga is the Cook Islands largest Island, it has a population of approx. 13,000 people, which equates to approx. 60% of the total population of the Cook Islands (17,000). THE SHIPPING VESSEL Endeavor was the first recorded European vessel to discover the Cook Islands in 1823.
The Island of Rarotonga is a volcanic island, the island itself stands over 4,400 meters above the ocean floor. Rarotonga is not a big island, it is only 70square kilometers. The highest peak on the island is Te Manga (660 meters).
The largest town on the island is Avarua (also the capital) .The majority of business in Rarotonga is tourism related, there are lots of resorts, hotels and lodges to stay at.
Rarotonga is encircled by a main road the follows the coast line. Because of the dense forest and mountainous interior there are no roads that cross the island. Public transport buses go clockwise and anti clockwise around the island, you don’t need to wait for a stop just ask when you want to get off!
Rarotonga International Airport is the only international airport in the cook islands. Regular flights to Rarotonga from Auckland, Sydney and Brisbane (prior to COVID)
Avatiu Port is the major port for Rarotonga and the Cook Islands. Avatiu port is located on the north coast, to the west of the capital Avarua. Avatiu Port was upgraded in 2013 ,the harbor entrance is deeper which means it can accommodate larger vessels. The port handles 90% of Cook Island imports.
AREA SQUARE KILOMETERS: 230
CAPITAL CITY: NOUMEA
YEAR OF INDEPENDENCE:
MAJOR PORTS: PORT OF NOUMEA
ABOUT NEW CALEDONIA:
New Caledonia is located in the southwest Pacific Ocean, approx. 1200km east of Australia. New Caledonia has a population of approx. 270,000 people. The three main islands are Grande Terre (the largest island and most populated), The Loyalty Islands and the Chesterfield Islands. The Chesterfield Islands are located in the Coral Sea.
New Caledonia is divided into three provinces, The North, South provinces are on the New Caledonian mainland (Grande Terre Island) and the Loyalty Islands province which is a number of islands just off the mainland.. Europeans live mostly in the south province ( the wealthiest province) on the main island. The main island is the largest of the group of islands and contains the majority of the population. The main island is surrounded by coral reefs.
New Caledonia’s economy relies on services, nickel mining, agriculture, forestry and fishing. New Caledonia is a French territory and receives subsidies from France.
Noumea is the capital of New Caledonia, Noumea is located on the main island Grande Terre, Noumea has a population of about 100,000 people. The University Of New Caledonia is located in Noumea. Noumea has a Deepwater port suitable for commercial container vessels.
AREA SQUARE KILOMETERS: 21
CAPITAL CITY: PORT MORESBY
YEAR OF INDEPENDENCE: 1968
MAJOR PORTS: PORT OF NAURU
Nauru, officially known as the Republic Of Nauru (originally called Pleasant Island), is a Pacific Island country (Nauru is located in the Central Pacific) located approx. 300 km’s from Kiribati and North East of the Solomon Islands.
Nauru is one of the Pacific’s smallest island nations and is the third smallest country in the world. Nauru only covers an area of approx. 20 square kilometers.
Nauru was settled by the Polynesian and Micronesian people, approx. 3,000 years ago. There were originally 12 tribes on Nauru, these tribes are represented in the twelve pointed star on the country’s flag. The population of Nauru is about 12,000 people. The largest city in Nauru is Denigomodu, with a population of approx. 1,700 people. Denigomodu is located on the western side of the island of Nauru. The Island nation does not have a capital city as such, however parliament is located in Yaren a district on the south of the island.
The Japanese occupied Nauru during the second world war. After world war 2 Nauru was trusted into the United Nations administration and in 1969 Nauru gained independence.
Nauru has rich phosphate rock deposits , which allow simple strip mining, Nauru’s phosphate was extensively mined on the island in the 1980’s and early 1990’s , by the late 1990’s Nauru’s phosphate reserves were exhausted and the islands environment had been devastated by mining.
Since 2001 Nauru has accepted aid from Australia in exchange for hosting the Nauru Regional Processing Centre, a detention center located on Nauru for asylum seekers wishing to enter Australia.
The Port of Nauru accepts commercial container vessels and is currently under going a major upgrade.
Since the early 2020’s Nauru has looked to Australia for economic assistance.
The Sovereign State Of Nauru is a current member of the United Nations and the Commonwealth of Nations
AREA SQUARE KILOMETERS: 810
CAPITAL CITY: TARAWA
YEAR OF INDEPENDENCE: 1979
MAJOR PORTS: TARAWA
Kiribati, (known officially as the Republic Of Kiribati) is an island nation located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, about 4,000 kilometers southwest of Hawaii. Kiribati has a total population of approx. 120,000 people. The capital of Kiribati is Tarawa with a population of about 60,000 people. Kiribati is made up of 32 atolls and one coral island. The total land area of the island nation is approx. 800 square kilometers. Kiribati is well known around the world for its spectacular scuba diving and fishing. The largest atoll (and one of the largest in the world) is Kiritimati (or Christmas) Atoll , it has a land area of 150 square miles (388 square km) and accounts for almost half of the country’s total area. In the 1960’s Christmas Atoll was used by the USA and British for testing nuclear weapons. These days, it has a large coconut plantation and fish farms.
Kiribati was declared an independent state in 1979, prior to 1979 Kiribati was administered by United Kingdom. Prior to independence Kiribati’s main source of income was phosphate.
Kiribati is one of the worlds poorest countries and relies heavily on international aid.
Kiribati has been a member of the United Nations since 1999. The Island nation is also a member of The Commonwealth of Nations and the Pacific Islands forum.
Kiribati has a port located in Tarawa, it is suitable for commercial container vessels.
AREA SQUARE KILOMETERS: 810
CAPITAL CITY: FUNAFUTI
YEAR OF INDEPENDENCE: 1979
MAJOR PORTS: FUNAFUTI
Tuvalu, previously known as Ellice Islands is an island nation in the Polynesian region of Oceania in the Pacific Ocean. The country lies west of the international date line and midway between Australia and Hawaii, about 1000km’s north of Fiji. The nation of Tuvalu consists of three islands and six atolls, lying west of the international date line.
Tuvalu nation covers a small area of only 26square kilometers (one of the world’s smallest island nations). The population of Tuvalu is approx. 10,000 people.
The original inhabitants of Tuvalu were Polynesian. Scholars believer Polynesians came from Samoa and Tonga to the Tuvalu atolls.
Tuvalu is essentially bereft of natural resources, with the exception of those provided by the sea. A major component of Tuvalu economy is income generated by licensing international fishing vessels to operate within the nation’s EEZ. Pacific island nations/territories most closely neighboring Tuvalu are Wallis and Futuna, Samoa and Fiji to the south, and Tarawa, Kiribati in the Gilbert Islands to the north.
Funafuti is Tuvalu’s capital city and has a population of approx. 6,000. Funafuti is also Tuvalu’s main port , albeit small. Ships visiting from overseas call on the capital. The port is also the base of operations for the inter-island passenger and cargo service operated by the Tuvalu government.
Tuvalu became fully independent as a sovereign state within the Commonwealth. On 5 September 2000, Tuvalu became the 189th member of the United Nations.
AREA SQUARE KILOMETERS: 550
CAPITAL CITY: HAGATNA
YEAR OF INDEPENDENCE: (Liberation Day) 21 July 1944
MAJOR PORTS: APRA
Guam, is a territory of the United States. Guam is located in the Micronesia sub region of the Pacific Ocean. The Island of Guam covers 550 square kilometres and is the largest island in the Micronesia region. Anyone born on Guam would be considered American citizens, Guam has two languages, English and Chamorro (the native language) The population of Guam is approx. 170,000. In 1941, just hours after the Japanese attached Pearl Harbour, Guam was captured by the Japanese and remain under the control, of the Japanese for two years. During the Japanese occupation the people of Guam were subjected to torture ,hard labour and execution. Guam’s architecture has Spanish heritage. Guam is world renowned for its magnificent tropical beaches.
Hagatna is the capital city of Guam. Dededo is the largest city in Guam with a population of approx. 45,000 residents.
Apra port is the main port for Guam, it is located on the western side of the island. Apra port is a deep-water port capable of handling large commercial container vessels.
The United States Naval Base Guam is a strategically located naval base situated on Apra Harbor and occupying the Orote Peninsula. Guam Naval base is home to the Commander Submarine Squadron 15, Coast Guard Sector Guam and Naval Special Warfare Unit One . It is the home base to the Pacific Command, Pacific Fleet, Seventh Fleet, and the 30th Naval Construction Regiment (NCR).
AREA SQUARE KILOMETERS: 200
CAPITAL CITY: PAGO PAGO
YEAR OF INDEPENDENCE: US TERRITORY
MAJOR PORTS: PAGO PAGO
ABOUT AMERICAN SAMOA
American Samoa is considered a territory of the USA. American Samoa is situated in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Samoa and slightly east of the international date line, west of the Cook Islands and North of Tonga The US territory takes in an area of approx. 200 square kilometers. Fishing, specifically Tuna is the main export. The main languages of American Samoa are English and Samoan. The population of American Samoa is approx. 55,000. The currency used in the US territory is US dollars.
American Samoa consists of five main islands and 2 atolls. The largest island is Tutuila and the largest city in American Samoa is Pago Pago. Pago Pago has a population of approx. 4,000. Pago Pago is located on Tutuila Island.
The population of American Samoa is approx. 55,000 residents.
Did you know there are actually two Samoa’s? American Samoa and Samoa, both Samoa’s are renowned around the world for tropical beaches and stunning volcanoes and forests. The nation of Samoa is an independent nation with its own Head of State. Towards the end of the 19th century, there was much dispute between the Germans and Americans over the Samoan archipelago, and in 1899 the Tripartite Convention was signed, assigning the eastern island group to America and the western to Germany (it was called Western Samoa until 1997 when it was renamed Samoa). American Samoa, obviously as the name would suggest, is an – unincorporated – territory of the United States.
NZ and Samoa also have a relationship dating back to 1914, Samoa was administered by New Zealand through a United Nations Trusteeship mandate until 1962, when Samoa gained its Independence and The Treaty of Friendship was signed. This has resulted in the two countries still enjoying a very close relationship – with many Samoans living in New Zealand.
AMERICAN SAMOA is made up of five volcanic islands and two atolls and is stunning, but smaller – and less developed – than Samoa. The American influence is definitely visible on the eastern islands – license plates and the left hand driving of the road give it away; the voltage is 110 and the plugs are American too. The currency is US dollars and many of the locals like to follow American football.
Samoa is made up of two large islands and ten smaller ones and has the same wild beauty, magnificent beaches and teeming reefs as American Samoa but there are also luxury resorts and many more options for dining out and shopping so you get the best of both worlds. You can get from one side of Samoa to the other side of American Samoa with a direct flight with Samoan Airways.
AREA SQUARE KILOMETERS: 4,100
CAPITAL CITY: PAPEETE
YEAR OF INDEPENDENCE: (French Territory) 1880
MAJOR PORTS: PAPEETE
Tahiti “The Queen Of The Pacific” (originally known as Otaheite) is a French territory and the largest in a group of islands that make up French Polynesia. Tahiti (sometimes referred to as the islands of Tahiti) is located in the central part of the Pacific Ocean, halfway between Los Angeles, USA and Sydney, Australia. Tahiti was originally settled by the Polynesian people sometime between 300-800 AD .The island was part of the Kingdom of Tahiti until its annexation by France in 1880, when it was proclaimed a colony of France, and the inhabitants became French citizens. French is the only official language The French territory is a collection of 118 islands, divided into two parts. Tahiti Nui is the bigger part and is located in the northwest and Tahiti Lti the smaller part ,located in the southeast. Many of the smaller Tahitian Islands are uninhabited. The total land area of Tahiti is 4,100 square kilometers
Tahiti has a stable population of approx. 200,000 people.
The capital of Tahiti is Papeete, located on the north west coast of Tahiti, it has a population of approx. 26,000. Papeete is the economic centre of French Polynesia. Papeete boasts many luxury resorts and Hotels.
The only international airport in Tahiti is located near Papeete, it is called Faa’a international airport, it is a modern airport. Papeete offers a modern deep water port that is able to accommodate large commercial container vessels.
AREA SQUARE KILOMETERS: 550
CAPITAL CITY: ALOFI
YEAR OF INDEPENDENCE:
MAJOR PORTS: ALOFI
NIUE, is a small island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean. It is located approx. 600 kilometers northeast of Tonga and about 2500 kilometers northeast of New Zealand. The Island nation is located in the triangle between Tonga, Samoa and The Cook Islands. Niue (also known as The Rock) has a population of approx. 1600 people.
Niue is an independent nation however, it has a free and close association with NZ, most of Niue’s diplomatic relations are handled by New Zealand. Like a lot of Pacific Island nations Niue faces economic hurdles, for example the limited population and remote location. The tourism sector is Niue’s most profitable earner however COVID has had a big impact on tourism dollars. Under the terms of the constitutional agreement between New Zealand and Niue, New Zealand provides administrative assistance and substantial economic assistance in the form of direct budget support and project-related aid. The majority of Niuean people live in New Zealand.
Niue has been a member of the Pacific Community Of Islands since 1980.
Alofi is the capital of Niue, with a population of 600 in 2021, Alofi is the second smallest national capital city in terms of population (after Ngerulmud, capital of Palau). It consists of the two villages: Alofi North and Alofi South where the government headquarters are located. Alofi is home to the Niue International Airport. The Port Of Alofi is a small port.
AREA SQUARE KILOMETERS: 460
CAPITAL CITY: KORO
YEAR OF INDEPENDENCE:
MAJOR PORTS: KORO
ABOUT NEW PALAU:
Palau, officially known as Republic Of Palau, is a small Island nation situated in the Western Pacific Ocean. Palau consists of approx. 340 islands and connects the western part of the Caroline Islands with the Federated States Of Micronesia. Palau was first inhabited approx. 3000 years ago by people from South East Asia. The Island nation takes up an area of approx. 460 square kilometers.
Koror is Palau’s most populous island, Koror is also the name of the most populous city located on the island.
The capital of Palau is Ngerulmud, it is located on the island of Babeldaob.
During World War II The nation was the center of fighting between the United States and Japan. Palau gained independence in After world war II.
Palau is an independent island nation in free association with the united states. Palau’s shares international maritime boundaries with Micronesia, The Philippines and Indonesia. The United States provides funding for defense and social services.
Palau relies heavily on economic aid, it’s main income comes from tourism, fishing and agriculture.
Australia enjoys a close and friendly relationship with the Republic of Palau. The Australian Embassy in Koror, Palau is responsible for Australian affairs in Palau.
Compact of Free Association with the United States
The Republic of Palau’s Compact of Free Association with the United States (US) was first agreed in 1986 and came into effect in 1994. The compact terms are indefinite, while the economic elements have a 50-year term, with reviews set for 15, 30 and 40 years. Under the Compact, and in exchange for exclusive military operating rights, the US provides Palau with economic assistance (including sector grants and trust fund contributions), access to federal services and programs (for instance postal and meteorological services), permission for citizens to enter, work/study and reside in US states and territories, and assumes responsibility for Palau’s defense and security.
Under the original arrangements, the US Government provided approximately USD700 million in assistance over the compact’s first 15 years. Amendments agreed to in 2010 were enacted by US Congress in 2017. Compact payments from 2010 to 2016 were subject to annual appropriations and averaged USD13.15 million per annum.
The Department of the Interior is the US agency responsible for oversight and coordination of US funding assistance under the Compact of Free Association.
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